LandCAN Library

Browse our Introductory Articles

State of the Land 2006, A brief inventory of public and private land in the United States

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“In wildness is the preservation of the world.” Quoted from an essay by Thoreau lamenting the way in which modern urban life has made natural resources into commodities and isolated people from the natural processes on which their lives depended.


Putting Smart Growth to Work in Rural Communities

Many rural communities are facing challenges, including rapid growth at metropolitan edges, declining rural populations, and loss of working lands.


Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due - Increasing Landowner Compensation for Ecosystem Services

This report provides an overview of existing payment programs and markets, and discusses the concepts of bundling and stacking, offer policy recommendations, and provides examples of current efforts to more effectively integrate payment opportunities for landowners.


How a Conservation Easement Works - Sample example of conservation easement

A simple example illustrates how a conservation easement works in practice. Let’s assume pressure from buyers building vacation homes has pushed the value of land up in recent years to the point where the family is concerned about how the next generation will pay the estate tax bill without selling the land.


Amending Conservation Easements

How to can a land trust official identify and comply with legal restraints to amendment? How can necessary flexibility be built into the easement document?  Can a conservation easement be terminated? This paper reflects the earnest desire of an ardent conservationist to take full advantage of opportunities for flexibility that can be found within the law, recognizing that the needs of land ownership and the land itself, are by their nature subject to continual change.


Conservation Grazing - An Opportunity for Land Trusts and Conservation Organizations

This report lays out some of the issues associated with the decision to graze domestic livestock on conservation lands, and highlights grazing as a conservation tool.


Use of Conservation Easements in Estate and Conservation Planning

Under many circumstances, the donation of a conservation easement or sale of such easement for less than fair market value may give income tax, estate tax, and real property tax benefits to the donor or seller.


Using Existing Tools to Expand Cooperative Conservation for Candidate Species Across Federal and Non-Federal Lands

For many years the Service has worked with partners to help them develop Candidate Conservation Agreements (CCAs). CCAs primarily have been developed by Federal agencies to cover Federal lands, and several have resulted in conservation efforts that made listing unnecessary.


Record Enrollment in Lesser Prairie Chicken Habitat Conservation Programs

Private landowners have stepped up to the plate and enrolled an unprecedented amount of acres in conservation programs to conserve and restore Lesser Prairie Chicken habitat.


Land Preservation - An Essential Ingredient in Smart Growth

The preservation of land for working rural landscapes, wildlife habitat, urban parks, recreational trails, and protecting water supplies and floodplains is emerging as an integral component of smart growth programs.


Report Reveals Success of Conservation Compliance in Protecting Soils and Wetlands

Conservation Compliance: A 25-Year Legacy of Stewardship explains how conservation compliance, which has historically required farmers to implement conservation measures in return for federally funded farm support, helped save millions of wetland acres while keeping billions of tons of soil on farms.


Economic Impacts of Minnesota Conservation Partners

Conservation programs impact local economies with changes in production, recreation, jobs, taxes, and spending. This analysis was conducted using Impact Analysis for Planning (IMPLAN) software to estimate these impacts on the state’s economy attributable to the funds spend by the conservation partners.


Conservation Easements - How Flexible Is Too Flexible?

To ensure the continued conservation of natural resources and habitats, it is important to ensure that easements are not simply undone by successors to the original parties after the tax benefits have been realized.& ...


Conservation Easements – The Latest Tool in the Protection of Lands and Landscapes in the Mississippi Delta

Conservation easements have been utilized as a primary tool for land protection in the United States for approximately thirty years. The movement started in the Northeastern part of the country and has slowly, but steadily, made its way to the Southeast; the Mississippi Alluvial Valley to be specific.


Reconciling Mineral Rights and Conservation Easements

Answers on subsurface mining below conservation easements.


Smallholder agroforestry plots may boost tree conservation - Report

When natural forests are threatened by deforestation or climate change, the best hope for the survival of certain at risk tree species may be to include them in agroforestry plots managed by small farmers, according to new research.


Crop Insurance and Conservation Compliance

The failed Senate bill reattached conservation compliance to the crop/revenue insurance program that was subsidized by the Federal Government.


Iowa's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy

Excerpts from Iowa's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) applicable to Private Landowners.


A fierce, expensive fight erupts over conservation easements

An ongoing fight over tax breaks for conserving privately owned land — and accusations that some people are using them as a tax shelter — is spurring an expensive lobbying battle involving landowners and conservationists.


Soil and Water Conservation Districts

What is a Soil and Water Conservation District? Across the United States, nearly 3,000 conservation districts - almost one in every county - are helping local people to conserve land, water, forests, wildlife and related natural resources.

Search our Partner Database of Conservation Success Stories

Cooperative Conservation AmericaWhat is Cooperative Conservation America? CCA is a public forum for collecting and sharing the cooperative conservation stories, lessons, models and achievements of all Americans. It provides citizen conservationists from every walk of life an opportunity to contribute to, and learn from, a common pool of conservation knowledge, tools, and practices - a cumulative and evolving database of information that will advance citizen stewardship, foster community-based conservation, encourage and support the vital role of private lands and landowners, and expand and strengthen shared governance in the care and conservation of America's lands, waters, and wildlife.


View a sampling of Success stories