BEYOND THE BIRDS AND THE BEES Effects of Neonicotinoid Insecticides on Agriculturally Important Beneficial Invertebrates
By: Jennifer Hopwood, Scott Hoffman Black, Mace Vaughan, and Eric Lee-Mäder
A comprehensive review of published articles and research that demonstrates risks from neonicotinoids to beneficial invertebrates other than bees (i.e., earthworms, beetles). These risks occur in agricultural systems, and in urban and suburban ornamental landscapes.
Download Full Article