ARE NEONICOTINOIDS KILLING BEES? A Review of Research into the Effects of Neonicotinoid Insecticides on Bees, with Recommendations for Action
By: Jennifer Hopwood, Mace Vaughan, Matthew Shepherd, David Biddinger, Eric Mader, Scott Hoffman Black and Celeste Mazzacano
Neonicotinoids are a group
of long-lasting insecticides that are absorbed by plants and then dispersed through plant tissue, making flower nectar and pollen poisonous. These systemic chemicals are highly toxic to bees and other beneficial insects.
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